Classical criminology, and its current expression in reasonable option concept, does not reduce slack in excusing, or otherwise mitigating, maladaptive and counterproductive social behaviors. From this historical school of idea, and its variations, the key thoughtful concept is that individuals are always responsible for their habits, especially when they choose to do hurt others. The rationality of selection suggests deliberate decision-making, specifically if you are a terrorist, or others like those in the news media and politicians, that seek to minimize that by claims you have in some way inexplicably end up being “radicalized.” Criminality and human behavior in general, no matter the criminal typology, from street criminal offenses to business scams, entail definitive “cost-benefit” analyses.
While an act of certain viciousness might seem “unreasonable” to the public, such terroristic action is logical to the instigator. In the sensitivity of psychological self-interests as to “why” they devoted the terrible criminal activity, conjecture degenerates to hazardous ideas for a simplistic response. Specifically annoying are those fast to welcome a different “school of thought” within the plans of the pseudosciences where one solution fits all. Various other thoughtful perspectives like Social Psychology and Human Nature 5e (PDF) and sociology are examples. From their very own rankings of followers, there are no separate concurrences on cause-effect descriptions.
In a court of law in the UNITED STATE, where real definitive proof is needed, both sides contend regarding who has one of the most credible factors relating to behavioral concerns. Outside a legal framework, lots of use less than provable assertions concerning the causative factors associated with the nature of criminality. Extra so today, with boosting approval of paranormal sensation, numerous seek outside deterministic ideas. From within the structure of those aligned to a classic criminological point of view, everyone, no issue that they are, remains accountable for every facet of their behavior. No matter of socio-economic status, political “upper class,” or company “oligarchy,” the key social specification is that no one is above the legislation.